Saffron Ornamental Species in Iran
The Saffron flower has approximately more than 700 species all around the world. The saffron flower is mainly categorized into two wild and farming species. In addition, some saffron species are only ornamental flowers, as they are known for their beauty, while others are cultivated for their health benefit and economic profit. Turkey and Greece host most saffron ornamental species, while only eight can be grown in Iran. It is worth noting that only Crocus korolkowii is produced in Afghanistan.
Most saffron ornamental species are widely grown in bushy areas or thinly scattered jungles. As a saffron lover or saffron trader, it is essential to know about saffron ornamental species and their differences from Crocus Sativus. Therefore, we dedicated this blog post to introducing some of Iran’s critical saffron ornamental species and Types of Saffron.
Crocus Alemehensis is the only yellowish saffron species in Iran. This species is grown in the Almeh region, near Golestan Forest Park northeast of Gorgan. Crocus Alemehensis flower grows up to 10 centimeters in height with 3-4 petals.
Crocus Michelsonii is another species that is more violet or whitish. This beautiful species is specifically pale purple-whitish or blue-purplish in petal throat with a pure white look in the rest. Such a color combination makes an adorable ornamental saffron flower. Crocus michelsonii is concentrated in dry regions of North Khorasan and primarily grows on stony hills.
The following species, Crocus biflorus, is another ornamental saffron flower. Crocus biflorus’ 3-9 petals are white inside and purplish in outer areas. This spring-flowering saffron primarily grows in Golestan Forest Park northeast of Gorgan, Marand, Bakhtaran, and Orumieh. This species is effortlessly grown in well-drained, medium-moisture soil accompanied by full sun exposure or light shade. Crocus biflorus can also be found in Southeast Europe and Asia, including Iraq, Italy, and Turkey.
The fourth species, Crocus Caspius, is 10-12 centimeters tall with 4-7 petals. The petals are yellow in its throat and white or purple in the rest. This autumn-flowering saffron species is analogous to Crocus Alatavicu in terms of appearance. In Iran, this species is typically found in northern cities near the Caspian region, including Farah-Abad in Sari, Amol, Sefid-Rood in Alborz, Rasht, and Lahijan.
Crocus Speciosus is named for its extraordinary attractiveness and 12-centimeter tallness. The petals are light purple with yellowish stamen and delicate orange stigmas. This saffron species is typically grown in the Tehran region and on the northern beaches of Iran. This species can be found in Kelardasht, Ardebil, Gorgan, Firooz Abad, and Golestan Park.
Crocus Cancellatus, also named Zagros saffron, is one of Iran’s most well-known saffron species. As its name suggests, this species is grown in Zagros plains and stony hills. Malayer, Sefid-Dasht, Shir-Kouh, and Lov-Khane are the critical areas with Crocus cancellatus saffron flowers. It is worth noting that this species can tolerate temperatures down to -15 ° C and needs full sunshade.
Crocus Hausskenechtii, Known as Karkamis or Bi-Shock among locals, is primarily grown in the Zagros region. This species is mainly 5 to 15 centimeters tall and is either white or light purple. Local people, primarily in Golpayegan City, add the fried or brewed saffron perigone tube to their morning milk, known as Jo-Ghasem. Crous hausskenechtii is the remedy of initial saffron grown by Zagros and Alvand local people.
Last but not the least is Crocus Gilanicus. Crocus Gilanicus is one of the rarest species of Crocus. Again, this autumn- the flowering species is white with a light lilac coloring. It is worth noting that it goes darker in color as it ages. As its name suggests, this species is primarily grown in Gilan, Iran. In addition to that, this saffron flower was seen in west Azerbaijan and Asalem.
Crocus Sativus, the Red Gold or saffron flower, has economic profit. This species is grown by farmers to yield some profit after harvesting. Iran produces 90% of the total Crocus Sativus saffron around the world. As this blog post is dedicated to ornamental saffron species, we recommend reading “What is the saffron crocus flower?” to learn more about Crocus Sativus or the saffron flower.
to learn more about Crocus Sativus or the saffron flower.
Saffron ornamental flowers are only grown for their beauty and extraordinary looks. From the most beautiful one, Crocus deceptive, to the one with the most local cuisine application, Crocus hausskenechtii, is explained in this blog post. Ornamental saffron in Iran has little application and less profit than Crocus Sativus. However, this blog post has covered Iran’s central decorative saffron flowers.